This page will present tables of registered trademarks, brand names and informal trademarks, and logo images used by various tool companies. These are closely related concepts that define the way a company presents its products to the public. Registered trademarks, as the term implies, are words, designs, or images that have been granted trademark status by the U.
The trademark records maintained by the USPTO are publicly available and can be searched in their online database. In a few cases a company may have claimed a particular name or phrase as a registered trademark, but no corresponding registration could be found in the USPTO TESS database. In the event that no public record can be found for a claimed mark, it will be included instead in the later section listing informal trademarks. In the table below, the Company column is generally the entity name that filed the application.
In the case of name changes or mergers, trademarks representing the same product line may be listed under different entity names. The Reg. The First Use column gives the date of the first public use of the mark, as provided by the company with the application. These dates were generally not subject to validation and may be rough estimates in some cases, especially if the trademark application was filed long after the first use date. In addition to registered trademarks, many tools are marked with words or stamped images serving as brand names or informal trademarks.
In some cases, the maker may have claimed the brand as a trademark, but no corresponding registration could be found in the USPTO trademarks database. It's unclear whether these discrepancies are due to filed but rejected applications, or possibly lost or incomplete trademark records. Table 2 lists a number of word marks used as brand names or informal trademarks, with notes indicating the particular use. Table 3 below shows a number of logo images taken from various tools.
In some cases these are also registered trademarks as noted in the tablebut in general the logos are simply informal marks chosen by the manufacturer to identify their tools. The "Shorthand" column is just a fanciful name assigned for convenience of reference; it doesn't necessarily correspond to what the maker would have called it. Certain logos are identified in the table as "Forge Marks", meaning that they appear as a raised symbol on a forged piece, having been incised into the forging die.
These marks were often used on contract manufacturing production to identify the maker. The information in the registered trademarks table was obtained from the U. Klein trademarks. Introduction This page will present tables of registered trademarks, brand names and informal trademarks, and logo images used by various tool companies.Then from the s he went it alone, at Store Street in Ancoats. I am not aware if there was a company name at this point, but his sons Jesse b and Thomas b were also coppersmiths.
Christian WagnerWest Germany. The hammer inside the "W" is the traditional mark of the company. Starting from coppersmith craftsmen, in the 's the company was transformed to an industrial enterprise, based in Esslingen am Neckar near Stuttgart in South Germany. Besides the traditional copperware, the company was famous for professional kitchenware of unique quality. The son was James Y Jr.
How to Identify Brass Antique Markings
Whitechapel bellfoundry. Set up rolling mill in Icknield Port Road. Manufactured of rolled metal, wire, gas fittings, brass foundry, lighting, beds, chandeliers and brass chains. Exhibited at Great Exhibition Records for to are at Birmingham City Archives. H, established Cannstadt, Stuttgart, Germany.
Since they have specialised in paper oil filters for the automotive industry.Ewhore guide 2019
German Copper. Makers' Marks W c Vin Callcut Small extracts can be used with acknowledgements to 'Oldcopper. Helpful comments are very welcome. Hugh Wallis. E V Wilkes. Wolverhampton Makers.Chinese ceramics often have a reign mark on the base indicating the date the object was made. They can be made up of four to six Chinese characters, in kaishu normal script or zhuanshu archaic seal script. Zhuanshu was developed from bronze inscriptions and stylized into a form of calligraphy.
The first two characters of six character reign marks consist of the name of the dynasty, for example Da Qing Great Qing followed by the name with which the period was made, for example Kangxi after the Kangxi emperor and finally nian zhi period made.
When four characters are used, the title of the dynasty is omitted, e. Reign marks are commonly framed by a double circle. Painted in underglaze blue but also red, gold and other colours. Overglaze colours popular from Qianlong period onwards examples on guyuexuan items. They do not necessarily correspond to the period in which the object was actually made as many give an earlier reign to increase the prestige of the object.
The most popularly referred to reigns are those of the Xuande emperorChenghua and Jiajingall periods of the Ming dynasty. During the Kangxi period a ban was enforced on marking non-Imperial ware with reign marks.
See Example Designs Above.
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Appraise and find makers marks for Meiji period
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Antique Identification Marks
All bronze markers are fully customizable.An update to this marks overview for May is now complete. All new marks are in the proper alphabetical order but the text will be red and in italics for a short time so as to highlight the newly added marks.
There are about new marks. Since then I have acquired many more different marks, as well as more examples of known marks. Some are different combinations of reign marks but there are still over marks to cover the marks of all the Chinese Dynasties from the Shang BCE to the Guangxu reign ending in A relatively small but important number of Republic marks are also included. Some marks were used to commemorate a very special event, and some were simply date marks.
However, the relative proportions of these categories of marks changed during the Republic with reign marks nearly all, if not all, apocryphal — there is still some dispute over whether the Hongxian or Jurentang marks can be labelled as reign marks still making up the bulk of marks, but with private kiln or company marks making up the large majority of the rest.
Hallmarks and commendations were still reasonably common, but the commendations moved location from the base of the porcelains to the written inscriptions on the sides of the porcelains in the Late Qing and Republic eras. So these Late Qing and Republic aged porcelains have another very important attribute. This gives us an enormous amount of information not accessible from the porcelains of earlier eras. I emphasise this aspect because it actually allows us to build up a picture of artists and companies and ideas and patterns which is unconceivable for earlier porcelains.
Added to this is the fact that some of the Republic Period artists are still alive, or their offspring are, and they have been able to outline their histories first hand. Davison states that more Chinese ceramics are unmarked rather than marked, but this is definitely not the case during the Republic Period. Very very few pieces are unmarked. The original reason for this may have been the requirement for place of origin to be shown on all imported items to the USA afterbut there must be other reasons as well, including the fact that there were so many new private companies itching to advertise their presence.
The hallmarks of the Republic period are for the most part reissues of older hall marks from the earlier Qing reigns, but with a few that were new to the Republic, such as Ju Ren Tang Zhi and Zhao De Tang Zhi. I have tried very hard to get these marks translated correctly, both from members on the Gotheborg Discussion Board when I or others posted items for translation and also by hiring a couple of young Chinese translators here in Sydney.
However, some of the translations may be incorrect or incomplete and I invite anyone to offer alternatives or corrections wherever possible. As you will see below, by far the most common mark colour is overglaze iron red. This is mainly a result of the upheaval of the times and the breakdown of dynastic rule and control of the imperial kilns etc, but also because most of the artists of the time actually desired and preferred to work in this style.
So the main colour was overglaze iron red, but there were several types of red — that is a discussion in itself. There was also a range of blues in the overglaze, enamelled blue marks, from royal blue to teal blue and grey blue. And so too the underglaze blue marks.
Although there are many fine examples of handwritten marks in this Late Qing and Republic period, most marks are stamped. There is no doubt a lot more to discuss regarding this aspect as well……. A typical mark might comprise the place name first e. Some or all of these elements are typically present in a private kiln mark.Hanau City Arms Pseudo-Hallmarks on Hanau Silver There is no realm in the study of silver marks that poses as many difficulties or engenders more confusion and disagreement than the subject of Hanau pseudo-marks.
Unlike trademarks, makers' marks or hallmarks, the pseudos were not registered with an administrative office and no records exist to check them against. Consequently, the identification of any Hanau psuedo-mark is an attribution based on the comparison of many marked pieces and judged on the balance of probability. A great deal of prior research has been done in this regard by Wolfgang Scheffler [ 14 ] and Bruno-Wilhelm Theile [ 17 ] and I've drawn heavily from their published work.
The history of Hanau Silver in the "Antique Style".
Bahner - for his outstanding accompanying article, patience with questions, and unerring guidance to resource material. Sandra - for her patience. Hanau City Arms. Pseudo-Hallmarks on Hanau Silver There is no realm in the study of silver marks that poses as many difficulties or engenders more confusion and disagreement than the subject of Hanau pseudo-marks.
They always maintain a stock of arts and crafts items in Renaissance, Rococo and Empire styles. Louis International Exposition [ 8 ] 1 [ dgj ].
These parallels suggest the above pseudos were for this early incarnation of the Roth firm, especially in concurrence with the "jug" pseudo, possibly in imitation of a Poitiers or Rennes discharge mark, but also the main element of the Hanauer Silberwaren-Manufaktur trademark. Ferdinand C.Windows server 2019 upgrade paths
Hanau Foundedworked until after Karl Kurz Kesselstadt Founded c. At this time, Dingeldein inherited Kurz's dies, patterns and pseudo-marks. Hanau founded Noted as a manufacturer of antique style silver. Wilhelm Ludwig Hanau c. Dingledein, he noted them on a beaker in conjuction with a "sailing ship" pseudo [s] that is given to Dingeldein.
Neresheimer and Sohne are best known I was able to see the careful and artistic manner in which they produced copies of the Old masters. Nothing was too small or too large, everything being copied with a care and minuteness which were indeed creditable Nuremberg work, double lady cups, old goblets, snuff boxes and a hundred and one beautiful little objects which remain to show the beauty of the old German silversmiths' work, were being copied for the wholesale market.Ratbagd
Simon Rosenau Bad Kissingen c. He also had a branch in Paris. He was first listed as "Hofantiquar", roughly: supplier of antiques to the royal Bavarian court. His son Hermann Simon Rosenau b. Rosenau's ties with the Hanau industry most notably Schleissner and Neresheimer were strong and I believe that much of the "old" silver with the Rosenau mark was actually made by Hanau based companies.
He retired in I don't know what happened to the shop after that. Rosenau then first lived in Munich, later in Paris, from where he was deported on October 28th, via Drancy to Auschwitz.
Dingeldein entry.Proper identification and authentication of your antiques or collectibles are essential in establishing a fair price for your treasures. Having first identified the makers marks, place of origin and age of your items makes it easier to research them further. Likewise, appraising and evaluating your items by finding similar examples that have actually sold, helps you determine their worth and gives you a better understanding of current market conditions.
In turn, this valuable information leads to better decisions when buying or selling and can prevent costly mistakes in paying too much or selling too low. It also helps in describing or listing your items using the correct terms to attract more buyers. And in the case of family heirlooms, it enables you to delve more deeply into their history. Stemming from decades of personal experience in the field of antiques and by sharing the same concerns as our professional members, we have created convenient online practical research tools to assist you on a day-to-day basis:.
Pricing Guides & Dictionary of Makers Marks for Antiques & Collectibles
Our main marks identification reference guides display all images of marks of a similar shape on a single page and is super easy to use. It includes reproductions or fake marks on recent imports, which are shown side-by-side authentic ones for quick visual comparison.
You can locate your porcelain or silver or jewelry marks by simply browsing similarly looking marks and instantly identify and date your items.Leo lottery prediction
The same applies for marks that look like a Crown, or a Wreath, or begin with a Letter, or are marks with "foreign" characters such as in Russian or Chinese. Our NAME SEARCH allows you to just enter the name of the company or artisan to view all related marks on one page along with a Fact Sheet with important information on their history, location, years of operation or main products.
By entering these initials, this tool instantly displays a fresh new page with all images of marks or hallmarks that match these letters, even if they are conjoined, overlapping or intertwined. Anyone that has ever tried to research Silversmiths or Jewelers initials marks knows first-hand how useful such a research feature can be.
As a member, you can send us questions if you cannot find your marks or have doubts at no extra charge. Our specialists are always on stand-by to share their knowledge and expertise. Answers are sent directly to you by email, not broadcast on a Forum, and are personal communications between you and our antiques experts.
Our monthly or annual membership rates are flat and all-inclusive and you will not be required to pay any extra charges whatsoever at any time, regardless of how often or how much you use our services.
Our Antiques Values service provides a "smart" search tool to locate auction results and works like an intelligent Antiques Price Guide totally online. Thanks to today's computing power and lots of clever programming, it instantly checks the words you've entered against common terms used by real auctioneers and finds all related items. To make them useful, our antiques pricing reference databases include only items that have actually sold. Once you enter a search, for example Stickley Table or Doulton Figurine or Taxco Silver or Steuben Crystal or Bronze Mantel Clock you will see numerous actual images of relevant results and then you can select which ones are similar to yours to print the page and keep for your records.
This feature is particularly useful for professional Antiques Appraisers who need to collect "comps" for their evaluations. There is no need to send photos or descriptions to anyone. No special apps to download and no extra computer skills are required. You get instant and accurate results right on your screen. The same applies for any type of search and the whole process of pricing or appraising your antiques or collectibles can be fun and efficient.How to pass rhit exam 2019
Our antiques or collectibles pricing reference databases are constantly updated with the latest auction results originating from hundreds of "real" auctions, not from online-only sales. All results include a full description of each item, a large clear image or picture, the name and location of the Auction House, the actual Hammer Price and when it sold.
Special features include the ability to view all results in actual images of relevant items. You can just browse and select as many items as you wish by adding them to our "Compare Box" to view them all on a new page with full details for comparing or printing. There are literally millions of actual and real auction results for all types of antiques or collectibles and our pricing reference library keeps growing all the time.
Log In Forgot Password? Sign up. Quickly browse through photos of related examples to compare them to yours directly on your screen and print these records for your reference. No need to send photos or descriptions.
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